Alex Presley took Springer's place in right field, and fellow rookie Jon Singleton moved to No. 3 in the order to replace the 24-year-old outfielder.
Presley went 0-for-3 in his place in the Astros' 4-3 win on Monday.
After the game, manager Bo Porter said he took Springer out to allow him to get treatment on the knee, which has been bothering him. He said whether or not Springer plays against the D-backs on Tuesday will depend on how Springer feels after receiving treatment Monday.
"He was able to get treatment all day today, and we'll come here tomorrow and see how he feels and go from there," Porter said.
Springer has been one of the Astros' best hitters this season. He is currently batting .251, but has a .843 on-base plus slugging mark. He has 12 homers and 35 RBIs through the first 47 games of his career.
Springer was named the American League's Rookie of the Month for May after hitting .294 with 10 home runs.
Brian McTaggart is a reporter for MLB.com and writes an MLBlog, Tag's Lines. Follow @brianmctaggart on Twitter. Adam Lichtenstein is an associate reporter for MLB.com. This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.