On July 1, 1861 -- exactly two years before the Battle of Gettysburg began -- John Gibson Clarkson was born in Cambridge, Mass. Clarkson would make his big league debut for the Worcester Ruby Legs in the National League on May 2, '82, and would go on to win 328 games in the NL over a 12-year career. Clarkson would lead the league in wins and strikeouts in three different seasons, including '85, when he won a career high 53 and struck out a near-career best 308.
On July 27 of that year, exactly 126 years before Ervin Santana held the Cleveland Indians hitless for the full nine innings of a ballgame in the American League, Clarkson took the hill on a Monday afternoon.
Pitching for the Chicago White Stockings against the Providence Grays, and with Tommy Bond calling balls and strikes as the home plate umpire (Bond was a great and accomplished ballplayer in his own days as pitcher, and in 1882 was a member of the same Ruby Legs club that welcomed Clarkson to the bigs), Clarkson beat the Grays 4-0, throwing the first and only no-hitter of his career.
Ervin Santana's no-hitter notes
Santana threw the season's third no-hitter, beating the Indians 3-1. He joins Francisco Liriano (May 3) and Justin Verlander (May 7) in the no-hit ledger in 2011.
It was the ninth no-hitter in Angels history (Jered Weaver and Jose Arredondo combined for an eight-inning no-hitter on June 28, 2008. The visiting Angels lost that game to the Dodgers 1-0, with the home team not batting in the ninth).
Santana is the first pitcher to allow a run in an official no-hitter since Darryl Kile beat the Mets 7-1 on September 8, 1993.
Since 1893, Santana is the 16th pitcher to throw an official no-hitter (complete game of at least nine innings) and not have the no-hitter be a shutout. The others: Vic Willis (1899), Nick Maddox (1907), Bob Rhoads ('08), Earl Hamilton ('12), Joe Benz ('14), Ed Lafitte ('14 -- Federal League), George Mogridge ('17), Dazzy Vance ('25), Bob Feller ('51), Don Nottebart ('63), Ken Johnson ('64), Dean Chance ('67), George Culver ('68), Joe Cowley ('86), & Darryl Kile ('93).
May 5, 1962
July 3, 1970
May 15, 1973
July 15, 1973
September 28, 1974
June 1, 1975
September 30, 1984 (perfect game)
Mark Langston/M. Witt
April 11, 1990
July 27, 2011
Before Santana's gem, the Indians had last been no-hit on September 4, 1993, by the Yankees' Jim Abbott.
Santana's no-hitter was the 117th (counting no-hitters thrown in Inter-league play and Don Larsen's perfect game in the 1956 World Series) thrown by an AL pitcher.
Since the beginning of the 2009 season, there have been 11 no-hitters.
Prior to this start, Santana owned an 0-6 record and a 4.98 ERA in his career against the Indians, as well as being 2-3 with a 4.10 ERA in 10 starts on the road in 2011. Before this game, Santana had made three previous starts in Cleveland in his career -- he was 0-2 with a 6.57 ERA.
Santana is the 41st pitcher in the live-ball era to strike out at least 10 batters in an official no-hitter.
Santana's no-hitter produced a game score of 94, tying him with Justin Verlander for the highest game score produced this season. Santana's start marked the 14th game this year to produce a score of at least 90. In the 2010 season, there had been 14 such starts through the end of July. The most recent season to produce more than 14 by the end of July was 1972, which had seen 18 starts with a game score of at least 90 by the morning of August 1.
Behind Felix Hernandez's seven innings of five-hit, one-run ball, the Mariners defeated the Yankees 9-2 to end their 17-game losing streak.
Hernandez improved to 6-3 with a 2.82 ERA in his career against the Yankees, and since the beginning of the 2009 season, is 5-0 in six starts (the Mariners have won all six), with a 1.29 ERA against New York.
Hernandez was the starting pitcher in the Mariners last win before the losing streak. On July 5, he went eight innings and allowed one run with 10 strikeouts against the Athletics, but failed to record a decision when Brandon League blew the save opportunity. The Mariners victory that day moved the team to 43-43, two-and-a-half games out of first place.
Mariners Franchise: Most Hits Through First 33 MLB Games
Seattle's Dustin Ackley went 3-for-5 with a triple, three RBIs and two runs scored. Through his first 33 games played, Ackley has 37 hits. That hit total is the fourth highest for any Mariners player through his first 33 contests.
Ichiro Suzuki went 4-for-5 -- his 45th career game with four-or-more hits. Those 45 games tie Suzuki with Goose Goslin, Pie Traynor, Doc Cramer and Tony Gwynn for the 20th most since 1920.
John Danks tied a career high with 10 strikeouts and allowed one run in six innings as the White Sox beat the Tigers 2-1. Over his past six starts, Danks is 4-0 with a 0.98 ERA in 36 2/3 innings, and has struck out 35 while walking seven. Before this run, Danks was 0-8 with a 5.25 ERA for the season.
Matt Cain (7 innings, one unearned run)) out-dueled Cole Hamels (7 2/3 innings, 2 runs), and the Giants beat the Phillies, 2-1. The Phillies (3.00 ERA from starters) and the Giants (3.22 ERA) have the top two starting staff ERA's in the Majors.
The Giants 2-1 win marked their Major League-leading 28th one-run victory of the season, and gave San Francisco as many one-run wins as they had all of last season (they were 28-24 in one-run games last year, and are now 28-13 in 2011).
Emilio Bonifacio went 1-for-4 to extend his hitting streak to 25 games, tying Kevin Millar (2002) for the second-longest hitting streak in Marlins history. Over the past 10 seasons, Bonifacio is the 26th player to hit safely in at least 25 consecutive games in a season.
The Marlins got two home runs from Mike Cameron and one from Mike Stanton and beat the Nationals, 7-5. Florida has hit at least two homers in five straight games, tying a franchise high set in 2005.
Dustin Pedroia went 3-for-4 to extend his hitting streak to 24 games. Pedroia, who is batting .406 and slugging .736 during the streak, is tied with Nomar Garciaparra (1998) for the 14th longest hitting streak in Red Sox history.
Jacoby Ellsbury and Pedroia hit back-to-back home runs to lead off the game for the Red Sox in Boston's 12-5 win over the Royals. The pair became the first Red Sox duo to open a game with consecutive home runs since Troy O'Leary and John Valentin did it on July 21, 1995.
David Ortiz hit his 10th career grand slam and 20th home run of the season.
It is the 10th time in his career Ortiz has hit at least 20, with the last nine coming with the Red Sox. The nine 20-homer seasons with Boston are fourth most in team history. Ortiz trails Ted Williams (16), Dwight Evans (11) and Jim Rice (11).
Most seasons with 75 percent of games at DH with 20 home runs
Ortiz has nine seasons in which he played at least 75 percent of his games as a designated hitter and has hit 20 home runs. Those nine are the most for any player.
The grand slam gave Ortiz 1,000 career RBIs with the Red Sox. He is the sixth player in franchise history to reach the milestone. He joins Carl Yastrzemski (1,844), Ted Williams (1,839), Jim Rice (1,451), Dwight Evans (1,346) and Bobby Doerr (1,247).
The Braves beat the Pirates 2-1 in 10 innings for their 12th extra-inning win: the most in the Majors.
Zack Greinke and three Brewers relievers -- including closer John Axford -- combined for a four-hit shutout as Milwaukee defeated the Cubs 2-0.
The shutout was Milwaukee's ninth of the season. The Brewers are tied with the Mariners and D-backs for the seventh most team shutouts in the Majors.
Axford's 1-2-3 ninth inning gave the Brewers closer his 26th consecutive save. The streak is the longest in franchise history, eclipsing Doug Jones' streak of converting 25 consecutive opportunities in 1997.
Astros second baseman Jose Altuve went 3-for-5 and became the second player in franchise history to have a hit in each of his first seven Major League games. Altuve matched Russ Johnson, who began his career in 1997 with a hit in each of his first seven games.
The Athletics beat the Rays, 13-4, for their third-straight win, and seventh win in their past 10 games. Since the All-Star break, Oakland has scored 72 runs -- tied for fifth most in the Majors. In the first half of the season, the A's scored the third-fewest runs in the Majors.
Hideki Matsui went 3-for-5, drove in five runs and hit his ninth home run of the year. In his past 13 games, Matsui is hitting .426 with eight extra-base hits (five doubles and three home runs) and has 18 RBIs.
James Shields (29 years and 219 days) started for the Rays in their loss to the Athletics. According to Tampa Bay's press notes, the game marked the 705th game in a row that was started by a Rays pitcher under the age of 30. That streak of 705 consecutive games topped the previous longest streak of 704 by the Washington Senators from 1913 to '17. Tampa Bay's streak began on May 25, 2007, when Shields (25 years and 156 days) made a start against the White Sox.
Justin Upton hit two home runs in Arizona's 4-3 win over San Diego. In his past eight games, Upton is hitting .567 with five doubles, a triple, five home runs and 13 RBIs. Now in his age-23 season, Upton has 215 career extra-base hits -- tied with Stan Musial for the 29th most in history for all players through their age-23 year.
Roger Schlueter is senior researcher for MLB Productions. This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.